Balloon Kyphoplasty/Vertebroplasty/Sacroplasty

Home Procedures Balloon Kyphoplasty/Vertebroplasty/Sacroplasty

Balloon Kyphoplasty/Vertebroplasty/Sacroplasty

Fast facts on Balloon Kyphoplasty/Vertebroplasty/Sacroplasty:
  • Balloon kyphoplasty is a minimally invasive treatment option for osteoporotic fractures, spinal metastasis and traumatic burst fractures.
  • Balloon kyphoplasty involves inflating a balloon inside the fractured vertebral body and then injecting cement to make it strong.
  • Most patients experience immediate pain relief and return to normal mobility.
  • Vertebroplasty means injecting cement into the vertebral body without inflating the balloon. It is preferred for multi-level involvement and where deformity correction is not the primary concern.
  • Sacroplasty is a procedure to inject cement into the sacrum to treat osteoporotic fractures of the sacrum.

Vertebroplasty is an interventional radiology procedure that involves injecting polymethylmethacrylate into a deficient vertebral body under fluoroscopic guidance. Patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures or those with osteolytic lesions of the spine.  Percutaneous vertebroplasty has also been studied as a possible adjuvant to surgery for aggressive vertebral body hemangiomas, as well as a way to reduce blood loss during surgery. PMMA injections are also being researched as a therapy for spinal insufficiency cracks.

Balloon Kyphoplasty is an interventional procedures involving the fluoroscopically guided injection of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) into a cavity produced in the vertebral body with a balloon or mechanical device include  radiofrequency kyphoplasty, and mechanical vertebral augmentation. These procedures have been studied as ways to give mechanical support and symptomatic relief in patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures or osteolytic lesions of the spine, such as multiple myeloma or metastatic cancers.

Sacroplasty leads to the treatment of insufficiency fractures in the thoracic and lumbar vertebrae with vertebroplasty. The method comprises a directed injection of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) into the fracture zone through a needle introduced into the fracture zone, similar to vertebroplasty. While it was first published in 2000 as a treatment for symptomatic sacral metastatic lesions, it is now most commonly defined as a minimally invasive method used to treat sacral insufficiency fractures as an alternative to conservative management (SIFs). SIFs are the result of stress on a weakening bone, and they are a common cause of low back discomfort in the elderly. The most common cause of SIF is osteoporosis.

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