Fast facts on Scoliosis Correction:
- Scoliosis is an abnormal sideways curvature of the spine.
- It commonly causes cosmetic concerns due to shoulder imbalance, rib hump and twisted posture.
- Scoliosis can be corrected through surgery safely as much as the spine allows to achieve a balanced, stable and fused spine
- The risk of neurological complications is <1% with the use of intra-operative neuromonitoring
What is Scoliosis?
Scoliosis is a lateral curve of the spine that is abnormal. It’s most common in childhood and early adolescence. The natural curves of the spine occur in the “sagittal” plane in the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar regions. The head is positioned over the pelvis by these natural curves, which act as shock absorbers and distribute mechanical stress during movement.
- Shoulders are unbalanced, with one or both shoulder blades bulging.
- The head is not exactly over the pelvis.
- The hips are elevated or exceptionally high on one or both sides.
- The heights of the rib cages vary.
- The waist is asymmetrical.
- The whole body is tilted to one side.
When a scoliosis diagnosis is made, there are a few things to consider that can help select treatment options:
- Is the patient’s spine still growing and changing, or is it mature?
- Curvature degree and extent – how severe is the curve, and how does it influence the patient’s daily life?
- Curve location – some specialists believe that cardiac curves are more likely to progress than curves in other parts of the spine.
- Curve progression is a possibility for patients who have huge curves prior to their adolescent physical growth.
Following the evaluation of these variables, the following treatment approaches may be suggested:
A 14-year-old teenage boy with progressive scoliosis (curvature of the back) and concern over his appearance. He underwent scoliosis correction and achieved a stable and fused spine