Spinal Infections

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Spinal Infections

Fast facts on Spinal Infections:
  • This infection is common, especially in immunocompromised patients.
  • They can cause persistent mechanical back pain, deformity and neurological deficits.
  • Surgery is required If medical treatment fails or the patient presents with complications.
  • Most patients recover with surgery and antibiotics.
What are Spinal Infections?

The vertebral column, intervertebral disc space, spinal canal, and associated soft tissues are the physical locations involved in spinal infections. Bacteria or fungal organisms can cause infection, which can happen after Surgery. Between three days and three months after surgery, the majority of postoperative infections arise.

Causes

This can be caused by a bacterial or fungal infection transferred into the spine through the circulation from another region of the body. The bacteria staphylococcus aureus is the most common cause of spinal infections, followed by Escherichia coli.

Because the veins in the lower spine rise up through the pelvis, infection can occur following an urethral treatment. The lower portion of the spine is the most commonly impacted. Injection drug users are more likely to get infections in the cervical area. Bacteria that may be injected into the circulation during a dental procedure can travel to the spine, increasing the risk of spinal infections.

Risk factors for acquiring an infection:
  • Advancement in age
  • Heavy drug dosing
  • HIV Infection
  • Steroid use in the body for a long time
  • Type 2 diabetes is a type of diabetes that affects other people.
  • Transplantation of organs
  • Nutritional deficiencies
  • Cancer
Cervical Myelopathy/Stenosis

A 49-year-old male with C6-C7 spondylodiscitis (infection) and bilateral upper limb weakness. Anterior decompression (corpectomy) and cage. Post-operative complete resolution of weakness

Cervical Myelopathy/Stenosis

An 81-year-old male with T12-L1 spondylodiscitis. Bedbound due to persistent back pain. Failed medical treatment. Posterior fixation to provide mechanical stability. Mobilized the next day.